The Southern Region of the Dominican Republic has been identified by both national institutions and by international bodies responsible for recognizing the levels of national development, as the most socially dejected part of the country and as a priority region requiring social and economic assistance.
Many of the southern communities are located within areas where resources for food production are predominantly poor and limited mainly due to a lack of investment rather than for a lack of farming or labor force, which is abundant and willing to work.
The Southern region is comprised of the following provinces: San Cristobal, Baní, San José de Ocoa, Azua, San Juan de la Maguana, Elías Piñas, Independencia, Barahona, Bahoruco and Pedernales. Many of these provinces have experienced a process of economic, political, demographic, social and cultural unproductivity.
The economy is broadly diversified but focuses mainly on various types of agriculture, moreover, numerous sugarcane mills (2 currently active) are located here, as well as free zones, great tourist and real estate activity. The Dominican South possesses great cultural diversity due mainly to important migrations from Haiti, Spain and Japan, which have blended with the inhabitants of this warm land.
The main city of the Dominican South is Barahona, town that mainly bases its economy on agriculture, fishing, livestock and mining.
It is a major producer of coffee, banana, and other minor items; with considerable areas of pasture for livestock. There are large deposits of salt, gypsum, marble and Larimar, only place in the world where you can find this beautiful gemstone of various shades of blue. Barahona has impressive vegetation and unique natural resources.
It possesses the most beautiful coastal areas across the country; a special place that combines untouched beaches. It also has green mountains and rivers of great beauty, forming the perfect combination that makes this an experience impossible to overcome.